Understanding the Franks, the Pre-Habsburg Holy Roman Empire, Esoteric ties to the Frankish Noble Bloodlines, & the Italian roots of the modern British Royal Family (the Penultimate Frankish Bloodline) by Quinton Mitchell

This post will (1) Analyze the rise of the Franks which was highly influenced by their relationship with the Romans which gave the Franks a strategic and military advantage over less equipped barbarian tribes (2) Analyze the Rise of the Este-Younger House of Welf Dynasty (direct ancestors to the British crown) and its relations and ties to the Franks. The Este-Welf branch dates back to era of the Western Roman Empire in the conflicts between Goths, Lombard, Franks and Germanic Tribes in Northern Italy (3) Analyze the diverse Frankish blood ties within the British Royal Family’s Este-Young House of Welf heritage which includes Charlemagne and many others from the original Frankish realm before the Franks annexed the The Kingdom of the Lombards in Italy and later Germany and (4) The relationship of the famous Western Esoteric Giovanni Pico della Mirandola family’s, ties to the House of Este, Borgia Popes, etc.

Introduction: The British Royal Family is arguable the penultimate royal blood line that bares the strains of Charlemagne’s blood from multiple entries over time. The modern British Royals via Germany not only fall under the Saxon House of Wettin (Saxe Coburg Gotha) but also the House of Hanover. The House of Hanover is The Young House of Welf which is the a branch of the House of Este and they all descend from a blend tracing far back roots to Frankish or Frankish-Lombard families from Italy but before this they were highly from the Frankish homelands in modern day Northern France (Auxerre in Frankish times and later from Aquitaine), Belgium, and Luxembourg. A mix of Frankish, Frankish-Lombard, Italian-Bavarian, Luxembourgish, Belgian, German, Norman Viking, Scandinavian, and more. The British Royal Family through blood-ties, distant relative’s marriages, etc., has ties to historical characters spanning Godfrey of Bullion (via House Ardennes), Giovanni Mirandola (via House Este), the Borgia Popes (via House Este), etc.

  1. UNDERSTANDING THE FRANKS

Before I get started, I’m going to summarize my thoughts on the Franks, which are part my own ideas but this beginning section regarding the background of the Franks was highly influenced by the research done by James L. Kelley (2013), in his piece, Frankish Civilization and origins of anti-worker sentiments. In addition, I enjoyed the the discussion titled, The Kingdom of the Lombards: Migration and Integration (The Lombards with Mike Carradi of A History of Italy Podcast), by The Study of Antiquity and the Middle Ages, dated November 22, 2019. https://youtu.be/ky0S3gAALcI

The easiest way to really wrap my head around the Franks (Salian Franks) was that they were a Germanic tribe from modern day Belgium (Belgcia in Roman), likely from the Walloon Region, and Northern France with some sets in Germany, but in the wake of the fall of the Western Roman Empire after the Goths sacked Rome, they mobbed up and took over this Belgian and the Northern France area. The Salian Franks were Belgian and the Ripen Franks were more towards German. The Franks were both allies and enemies to the Romans but Maximian in 287-288 forced them to submit and this seems to have launched the eventual quasi-assimilation of the Franks into Roman culture.

(Quick Timeline) Last of the Western Roman Emperors as the Franks were gaining power.

Theodosius I (379-395) Last emperor of united Roman Empire. Divided it to his sons; Honorius (West) and Arcadius (East); upheld the Nicene Creed first formulated in 325 under Constantine at the Council of Nicaea; fought the Goths, Vandals and other tribes and then made peace; persecuted pagans and Roman polytheist, and defeated usurpers in Gaul and Britain to preserve the West.

Honorius (395-423) Rome was sacked by Alaric but the Visigoths kept moving

** Goths sack Rome in 410 led by Alaric I

** Vandals sack Rome in 455

Majorian (457-461)

Libius Severus (461-465)

Anthemius (467-472)

Olybrius (472-472) A puppet Emperor put on the throne by the powerful Roman-German General Ricimer and his nephew Gundobad, the King of the Burgundians

Glycerius (473-474) Abdicated and became a Bishop of Salona

Julius Nepos (474-475 in Italy, but 475-480 in Croatia as a Ruler in Exile) Assassinated in 480

Romulus Augustulus (474-480) Defeated by Odoacer, effectively ending Roman rule in the Roman homeland of Italy and imposing full Gothic rule. The Ostrogoth sect would stay in Italy while the Visigoth sect would setting in Spain near the German barbarian tribe, the Suebi’s Kingdom, and Southern France (Aquitaine, Gascony, Vasconia) which also comprised the lands of the Basque.

According to James Kelley (2017), after the fall of Rome, it wasn’t simply the Dark Ages but rather Roman culture and settlements still persisted, yet, there was big drop in organization, literacy, etc., and this made the peasant class more easy to indoctrinate with religion.

The Battle of Soissons (486) Less than 6 years after the Goths destroyed the Western Empire, the Franks didn’t take long to conquer the Roman rump state of Soissons in France (Paris, Orleans, etc.) under Clovis I of the Merovingians. Clovis I converted to Catholicism for political reasons and at the behest of this hyper Catholic wife. Essentially, the Franks were much more formidable and weren’t simple barbarians but were exposed to Western Roman culture, tactics, etc., and probably saw themselves as the successors of the Romans (they had a chip on their shoulder).

Clovis I converts to Catholicism in 496 AD

The Battle of Voille (507) the Franks under Clovis I beat Visigothic Commander Alaric II (great-grandson of Alaric I) and acquired Aquitania (Southern France), though the region wasn’t officially conquered since there were various Dukes of Gascony, etc., that rebelled against the Franks. The region of Gascony wouldn’t be fully acquired by France until the 1300-1400s.

The Franks soon started a conquest of annexation of the Germans.

Last Germanic Tribal Kings before Frankish Annexation:

Gibuld (of the Alamanni,Confederation which included Suebi elements, i.e., what could be considered the proto-Northern Swiss, defeated in 496);

Hermanafrid (tribe was the Thuringii, conquered in 531 AD);

Godomar II of Burgundians (conquered in 534);

Poppo (of the Frisians, conquered in 734),

Daufer known as Desiderius (last King of the Lombards, conquered in 774 AD),

Widukind, (of the Saxons, conquered 785 AD)

The Battle of Roncevaux Pass pass in 778 saw Charlemagne’s attempted invasion of Spain through the Spanish Marches (Duchy of Gascony/Vasconia) were defeated by Basques and this epic defeat inspired the Song of Roland, for Roland, a FrankishKnight (Paladin), who wasa type of “warden” for the Franks regarding the Bretons and possible veteran of the Saxon Wars who stood their ground against attacks but were killed. The Franks may have been tricked into coming to Spain by part of the Muslim factions in Spain who appeared to be in conflict but really weren’t.

Tassilo (of the Bavarii. Gave up in 794 AD to Charlemagne),

Charlemagne never conquered Denmark, likely for fear of sparking invasions of the Northern Barbarians, i.e., the Vikings. He made mutual peace with Danish King Hemming at the Treaty of Heiligen (811) which established the Eider River as a border.

2. ARGUING AGAINST THE MYTH THAT THE FRANKS WERE MERE BARBARIANS

The Franks had been exposed enough to Roman war techniques as seen in the figure of the Frankish commander Richomeres in the mid-to-late 300s who served Rome during the times of Gratian, Julian, Valens, Valentinian and Theodosius. Theodosious as the Roman Empire would split the Empire into Western and Eastern. This period of time was hectic for the Empire with barbarian sacks but also usurpers trying to carve out parts of the empire such as the pretender Eugenius around 394 in Gaul and Magnus Maximus in England. Theodosius I was successful at stopping these pretenders but also saving Christianity from slipping back to Roman polytheism, such as Theodosius defeating Eugenius who supported paganism with his Frankish ally, Arbogast. Richomeres was Arbogast’s uncle and helped Theodosius defeat him. Frankish training by the Romans as soldiers is seen in the previously mentioned, Arbogast, a General in the Roman Army who was Frankish, as was General Claudius Silvanus who served Constantine II (his father Bontius fought with Constantine), Mallobaudes, etc. Note: The words Count comes from comes domesticorum (count).

This is interesting because due to the nature of Frankish service to the Roman Empire, the Frankish soldiers were sent abroad (think of them as GIs being sent overseas on a tour of duty) as ordered by the Emperors to fulfill their duties. This means that Franks were more exposed to the various cultures of the Empire more so than other Germanic groups. For example, Richomeres served in Turkey, Britain, and other Franks possibly as far as Africa and the Middle East. This exposure to Roman culture, early Christianity (despite the Franks still being overwhelmingly pagan), Roman military culture and tactics, and building a reputation for themselves means the Franks were not simply barbarians but had the exposure to Western Roman ideals which gave them a competitive advantage over their tribal Germanic neighbors (military structure, cavalry tactics, and possibly systems of maintaining contracts or deeds which would be vital for their feudalist system which came).

The Franks weren’t simple barbarians but were assimilated barbarians who absorbed and merged elements of the Western Roman Culture, so the rise of the Franks wasn’t a pure barbarian takeover but the Franks likely saw themselves as the true successors of the Romans, largely considering that in the Era of the Last Western Roman Emperors, many had been privy to key Imperial intrigues such as attempts at preserving the Empire and campaigns of secession. Therefore, similarly to the Lombards in the East who were in a similar relationship with Rome (exposure to their culture, warfare tactics), both the Lombards and Franks would eventually be on a collision course, yet, the Franks were more tenacious.

The Franks had adopted Roman customs from their settlements in Gaul but kept their pagan religion until Clovis I of the Merovingian Dynasty converted to Roman Catholicism in 496. The Franks made a huge power move led by Clovis I (Merovingian) during the power-vacuum left in the fall of the Western Roman Empire after Odoacer (The Goth) deposed the last Western Emperor Romulus Augustulus by conquering the Roman “rump state” in Gaul called The Kingdom of Soissons in 486 by defeating Syagrius. Soissons was previously created by Emperor Majorian (457-461) who put up one of the last great fights to preserve Rome as the West was falling a part. This era was complex because by this time the Romans had relied on assimilated tribal peoples, somewhat akin to “private military contractors”, to help fight wars and barbarians were migrating from the German interior, Scandinavia, and The Steppes deeper into Western Europe. Regardless, the Franks won Soissons and renamed it Neustria under the Merovingian. This area won the Franks the cities of Orleans, Angers, Paris, Reims, and Soissons.

From this time onward the Franks became a radically militant Catholic machine operating like a privately-held corporation based on the concept of franchise, i.e., freedom versus those not free and those who were free were those now a part of the Frankish noble bloodline, i.e., the creators, owners, etc. Feudal politics was essentially mob politics mixed with a level of communal arrangements.

According to Kelley (2017), building off the concept of the Roman villa, they likely established the idea of what we consider villain, meaning those not free. Effectively the Franks were a type of hereditary blood-kin corporation of land-lords/military force (knights) from France & Belgium who charged rent and operated a mafia style protection racket, and using modern warfare tactics they were able to bully the barbarian tribes the Romans often had a hard time with such as the forest peoples of Germany such as the Saxons, Suebi, Alemanni (the Swiss), Frisians, Burgundians, and eventually punked out the Bavarians and conquered the Lombards (Italians).

Since land was the money back then, land stayed in the top managerial classes through inheritance and calculated marriages between family, absorbing tribal Chieftains and their families that the Franks had conquered, or being overlords to chieftains who paid suzerainty. Noble women (the supermodels of their day) were thus traded and married off in order to seal deals and calculate down the road land acquisition. According to James Kelley (2017), after the fall of Rome, it wasn’t simply the Dark Ages but rather Roman culture and settlements still persisted, yet, there was big drop in organization, literacy, etc., and this made the peasant class more easy to indoctrinate with religion.

The Franks operated a pyramidal corporation based on a rent, Catholicism, and protection rackets, but classes were hereditary, meaning power would always stay centralized to the blood Franks. The Franks had Holy Decree by the Catholic Church who owed the Franks a big one for defeating the rival Lombards who swept into Italy after the Goths and Byzantines annihilated themselves trying to maintain or reacquire Italy. This Frankish system was so efficient, that the modern royal families are essentially Franks without thrones but still have power and estates.

The Lombards were a Viking culture who migrated into Eastern Europe before setting up shop in what is now parts of Ausrtia, Slovenia, etc., and served the Huns, but eventually came to speak a form of Vulgar Latin after dropping their Germanic tongue. They worshiped an Arian form of Christianity (non-Triad form considered heresy), feuded constantly, set up camps in urban centers as well as rural ones. They ruled over the pre-existing Roman population after the fall of the Goths in Italy during the Byzantine Wars.

Yet, the Lombards (which means Long Beards) probably weren’t a bad people objectively speaking. In a way, they were migrants looking for a home who found Italy a nice place to live and were tired of warring with other tribes such as Avars, Gepids, etc.

In an alternate universe, I wonder what would’ve happened in history if the Lombards had came out as victorious. The history of Europe and the West would’ve been much different considering the Lombards practiced a form of Arian Christianity which was at odds with the Nicene form of the Papacy and that of the Eastern Romans in Byzantium. They also would’ve faced a growing Islamic threat that would come from Spain. It also means that Europe may have been weaker since the Franks operated like a machine whereas the Lombards in Italy had adapted to something me might consider a mafia, more urban based, ritualistic beefs (disputes), etc.

Essentially, the Franks beat the Lombards for a reason and it’s possible that the Lombards once defeated were discriminated against and associated with “snails”, being “greasy” or serpentine, or being reduced to owning what we consider today as pawn-shops. The last statement was spoken about by Vox (2017) in their video, titled, Why Knights fought snails in Medieval Art, published on March, 29, 2019. https://youtu.be/6ISOK-XtvYs

The Franks were the Knight Class and Ruling Class, in something equivalent to officers over enlisted and today many of our modern ranks come from Old French, i.e., Lieutenant, Sergeant, etc.

So being knights by blood and the owners-landlords with Holy Decree they were able to consolidate power by monopolizing military technology such as mounted knights on horses. They buffered themselves with what we might misconstrue as knights with a warrior class who were really citizen-soldiers most the time who had to provide their own weapons if called to do so.

The general public, the villains or renters, were under something probably akin to modern day gun-control in that they couldn’t probably have weapons to protect themselves by themselves, and this is something common in feudal systems such as that of feudal Japan restricting peasants from having swords.

By bribing lower counts and their goon squads, this further consolidated power on the mid-management level, and all at the expense of the lower classes. Since lands would often be fractured in order to share with sons – if they were lucky – this land-based society gave the central authority more power since central edict would settle disputes and the King and Pope needed each other, so they often enforced outcomes mutually. To manage such as vast territory of competing fief lords, the Franks used marriage but also favoritism and pitting count against count, so the paranoia alone of possibly loosing title and status, was a psychological weapon to maintain power. War was costly but always a possibility in something akin to elite prep school backstabbing politics.

3. ASPECTS OF FRANKISH CULTURE

(A) Polygamy was acceptable in the upper classes such as Clovis I and his son Chlothar I having multiple wives, so the Frankish nobility were womanizers and patriarchs

(B) Knights were all a part of the noble class originally and long-hair was a sign of honor amoung the nobility (having one’s head shaved as a serious offense/insult/punishment)

(C) Capital punishment was cruel such as Brunhilda of Austrasia being pulled apart by four horses, executions were public, and people believed in witchcraft.

(D) The notion of nation-states didn’t exists yet, and the HRE was more of a realm of power held by firm central authority, so when the Holy Roman Empire was re-established under the Saxon Ottonian Dynasty you have to view the HRE was one singular body full of counties, principalities, dukedoms, and military frontiers. So you could be in Italy but your follow Germans, Belgians, Swiss, Flemish, and Czechs (and later Spaniards) were all common citizens and to this day there’s overlapping culture in Bavaria and Italy and Switzerland.

(E) The first true university was the University of Bologna in Italy at 1088 and it seems there was something akin to “study abroad” by the Middle Ages where groups of students from lets say Germany would study in Italy

(F) Important cities included Aachen, Pavia, Rome, Milan, Turin, Paris, Regensburg, Toulouse, Tours, Verona, Venice, etc.

4.. NOTABLE FRANKISH FAMILIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE SCHISM OF THE CAROLINGIAN COLLAPSE AND REEMERGENCE OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

This next section is comprised of Frankish families to help give context. The Franks were essentially French and Belgian’s who migrated and set up shop in new lands based on their business model of warfare, intermarrying, protection rackets, a close bond with the Catholic Church, and set up Castles. The ideas of castles according to James L. Kelley weren’t simply for protecting those in a manor but could be seen as military bases/franchise businesses.

  1. Arnulfings (Pippnids) who were to become the Carolingian Dynasty. The were Mayors of the Palace to the Merovingians, similar to Secretary of State but took over. We know Charlemagne was the most illustrious but to give a better context of Frankish Civilization and its lasting influence, particularly relating the confusing foundation of Italy, where there the British Royal Family’s Este and Welf heritage derives, we have to under the fracture of Charlemagne’s Empire. (A) Louis the Pious, Charlemagne’s son, divides the Frankish realm into three parts for his sons with West going to Charles the Bald (France, Normandy, Aquitaine), Middle to Lothair (Netherlands, Lorraine, i.e., the German French borders, Burgundy, Provence and Italy), and East to Louis (Ludwig) the German in Saxony, Bavaria, Franconia, and Switzerland, and parts of Austria. (B) Lothair died and he divided the lands of Mid Francia to his children based in Italy, Provence, Upper Lotharingia (Lorraine, where Wigeric of Lotharingia is from – he will be important to this text), and Lower Lotharingia in Belgium and the Netherlands. His brothers however, Charles the Bald and Louis the German, basically fought over the Middle Kingdoms in something akin to a Civil War (C) Carolingians faded from power (though their blood still flowed) in West Francia as the Robertians (Capetians) took over; faded from East Francia when Ludwig’s bloodline died out and the Conradin Dynasty took over, before the Ottonian Dynasty reestablished the Holy Roman Empire (minus West Francia, which was on its course of being France. Otto the Great couldn’t get full power of his nephew, Hugh Capet), and faded from Italy during the rise of the Bosonid’s who crowned themselves Kings of Italy before Carolingian-kin, Benegar of Fruili took over (grandson of Louis the Pious meaning Ludwig The German and Charles the Bald were his uncles. He witnessed his uncles and cousins in Germany & France get replaced and his family’s disputes destroy Charlemagne’s Empire). Italy for a moment was an independent Kingdom similar to West Francia (France) during the collapse of central imperial control. However, Benegar I was able to save the Empire in part, not entirely, and was King of Italy and Crowned emperor. His mother was the daughter of Louis the Pious whereas his father was of the Frankish Uruochings Dynasty, Margraves of the frontier march of Friuli, and watched his uncles and cousins war with each other and destroy the empire. Benegar II organized the marches where the Este-Younger House of Welf Clan of the British Royal Family bears roots in Lucca, Milan, Tuscany, Fererra, Este, Emilia Rogmana, etc (D) Italian Kingship in the power-vacuum in the collapse of Imperial centrality was contested by Widonids from Spoleto, Bosonids and Arnscarids of Burgundy and Provence areas and the Carolingian leftovers in the Uruochings in Fruili, but the Saxon Ottonians conquered Italy by beating Arduin of Ivera of the Anscarids, effectively reviving the Holy Roman Empire under German rule. (E) From this point onward the Holy Roman Empire was German in nature before the later Habsburgs monopolize power by using calculated marriages and inbreeding. (F) Before the Habsburg monopoly, the Golden Era of the Germanic Holy Roman Empire as far as Emperor was always ethnically German. These Germanic dynsasties are as follows: Ottonians from 962-1024 were Saxons; Salians from 1027-1125 from Franconia in Central Germany; the Supplinburg’s from Saxony; The Hohenstaufen from Swabia in the Southwest; The Welf (Este) from Bavaria though the roots trace to Italy and Altdorf near modern Wurttemberg; The House of Luxembourg from Luxembourg, falling under the larger House of Ardennes but would help include Bohemia, i.e., the Czechs and Slovaks, Hungarians and Croatians into the Empire; The Wittelsbach of Bavaria who got Bavaria after the Welf were stripped of it, and then the Hapsburgs of Austria who were originally from modern day Switzerland and France. Habsburgs would rule until WW1 though by then they had already lost Germany when the fellow-Swiss descended house of Hohenzollern who became rulers in Prussia led the German causes of independence. Kaiser Wilhelm of House Hohenzollern (Protestant side), was a cousin to British King George and Czar Nicholas (and most other monarchs of the time such as the Kings of Romania via the Catholic branch of the Hohenzollern).
  2. Etichonids who are likely the progenitors of the powerful Habsburg Dynasty which monopolized the Holy Roman Empire up until its fall in World War 1. The originated likely in the Frankish areas near Switzerland before setting up shop in Switzerland before making Austria their power-base and through calculated marriages came to acquire the Netherlands and Spain thus all of Spain’s vast colonies during the Age of Discovery.
  3. Uruochings were Franks originally from Tournai in Walloon Region of Belgium who were set up as Margraves in Fruili in Italy and were interrelated with the Carolingian. Unruoch II was a witness to Charlemagne’s will and a friend.  
  4. Udalriching were a Frankish Family from France who were the counts of Orleans in the 800s and served in roles such as ambassadors for the Franks to the Vikings, Saxons, etc. They married into the Carolingian via Hildegard of Vinzgouw’s marriage to Charlemagne. Hildegard’s dad, Gerold married Emma of the Alamannia (Swiss) family of Agilolfing Family (of Bavaria)
  5. Agilolfings were of the Bavarii tribe in Germany but were under the suzerainty of the Merovingians going back to the 500s who were de facto Dukes of Bavaria. Tassilo III of Bavaria was the nephew of Pepin the Short (father of Charlemagne). The Agilofings were close to the Lombards, such as Tassilo marrying Liutperga the daughter of Lombard King Desiderius, creating the basis for Italian-Bavarian relations. Through marriage with the Lombards they became kings of Italy known as the Bavarian Dynasty in the Lombard Era before the Frankish takeoever. Tassilo was betrayed by Charlemagne on possibly false accusations and the Pope sided with Charlemagne and forced Bavaria to be handed over. King Desiderius of the Lombards and King Tassilo of Bavaria were the last rulers until Charlemagne won the Iron Crown and annexed Italy. This acquisition by the Franks shows how they used marriage, war, and the papacy to get what they wanted. The Carolingians held Italy from 774-887 with last two direct Carolingian Kings being Carloman (Bavaria) and Charles the Fat (Alamannia), sons of Ludwig the German, King of East Francia. Carloman’s bastard son, Arnulf, overthrew Charles the Fat, resulting in the continued fracture of the Empire, and in Italy there were multiple pretenders but Berengar I (cousins to Carloman, Charles, etc.) won out, became Emperor and this stayed in his family’s line via marriages to the House of Ivera which spawned Berengar II who played an important role in elevating the Bonifaci-Orbertenghi (Este, later Younger House of Welf) to Margraves of Milan.
  6. Robertians who evolved into the French House of Capet
  7. Luipoldings who ruled over Bavaria
  8. Ramnulfids of Toulouse who through marriage entered the English bloody line via Henry II of England’s marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine thus starting the age of English (Angevin) and French disputes. This is interesting because the modern British Royal Family has a major chuck here because Henry the Lion of the House of Welf (Este) [great-granddad was Albert Azzo II, Margrave of Milan; he’s also a descendant of Charlemagne via the maternal bloodline] married Eleanor’s and Henry’s daughter, Matilda. One of Matilda and Henry the Lion’s kids, William of Winchester had a son, Otto the Child would be given a piece of his granddad’s (Henry the Lion) left over estate in what is Brunswick Luneberg which evolved into the House of Hanover.
  9. The Ardennes, progenitors of the House of Luxembourg, Bar, Limburg, Arlon, Salm, and Verdun (Belgium, Luxembourg, Northern France near Belgium, Lorraine borders) and closely related the House of Flanders who trace roots back to Wigeric of Lotharinga and his children with Cunigunda of France (great x 3 grand-dad was Charlemagne) such as Siegfried of Luxembourg and Gozlin of the Ardennes. Famous Crusader Knight, Godfrey of Bullion is from a house within the House of Ardennes-Verdun (cousin the Luxembourg branch) on his mother’s, Ida’s side, whereas he was of the House of Flanders on his father’s (Eustace II) side. line who held titles such as the Lords of Bullion, Counts of Verdun, Dukes of Lower Lorraine. Yet, The British Royal Family pops up in this branch because Imiza of Luxembourg (granddaughter of Siegfried of Luxembourg and a 6x granddaughter of Charlemagne) married into the Elder House of Welf and her daughter of Kunigudne married Albert Azzo II Margrave of Milan, where in turn they had one son, Welf IV, whom would be elevated as Welf the I of the Younger House of Welf, when Kunigune’s brother died without issue. Welf IV (I) had a half-brother through their father, named Fulco. Welf IV (I) received Bavaria and lands North of the Alps whereas Fulco kept their father’s blood-line’s property in Este in Italy. The British royal family comes from this source. The German Welf (Este) would go to rule Bavaria, Saxony, and Carinthia but were deprived of their lands under Hohenstaufen rule, only to be given back the area of Brunswick in Germany, and be Holy Roman Emperor for one time, whereas the Italian Este maintained power in the Reggio Emilia region and where the Margraves of Milan, counts of Lucca, rulers of Ferrara, Modena, etc.  
  1. Anscarids, from Burgundy who were counts near modern Ivera in Italy. Aldabert I of Ivera married Gisela of Fruilia, the daughter of Carolingian Benagar I of Italy and Bertilla of Spoleto. Gisela of Friuli’s and Aldabert’s son, Benegar II, was King of Italy who reorganized the northern Italian Marches and he elevated the Orbetenghi Family (Este-Young House of Welf) to Margraves of Milan, meaning he played a role in elevated the family that would one day be British Kings.
  2. Orbertenghi, the basis for the House Este (Young House of Welf, i.e., Brunswick Luneburg, i.e., House of Hanover), was a sub-house of the House of Bonifaci, who ruled the March of Milan after given the area by Benegar II of Italy. Other Obertenghi Houses included the Malaspina, Pallavicini, and Fieschi, but also were in the same area as the Vicini, Pinelli, Della Torre and Visconti.  
  3. The Bonifaci, originally counts in Lucca, they were appointed governors of Italy by Charlemagne and Margraves of Tuscany in the 800s. The Este-Young House of Welf branch of the Orbetenghi Line branches from Otbert (Orberto) II, a grandson of Adalberto the Margrave, i.e., Aldabert III, whose great-grandad was Boniface the II.
  4. The Elder Welfs, from Auxerre, France but set up shop in Altdorf, Germany and this Altdorf sect would marry into the Italian Este Clan (descendants of the Bonifaci of Lucca), and House of Luxembourg under House Ardennes.
  5. Widonids or Guidonids (Lambertiner) from Nantes, France but came to rule the Duchy of Spoleto and Benevento
  6. Reginarids who evolved into the House of Brabant which came to rule modern Belgium, Hainaut, Limburg, Antwerp. This evolved into the House of Hess
  7. Bosonids of Frankish origins, via the Bivinids (name after Bivin of Gorze) who played a powerful part in Italy but were also prominent in Southern France in Burgundy and Provence. In the wake of Carolingian Civil Wars, they managed to become Kings of Italy before being replaced by Carolingian-kin, Benegar of Friuli (the last person crowned emperor before the Ottonian Revival)
  8. Aleramici founded by Aleram who ruled in Piedmont and Liguria in the March of Montferrat in Italy after being given the eras by Benegar II
  9. Arduinici who ruled the March of Turin and Marquis of Susa after being given the area by Benegar II. Their possession laid the foundation for the House of Savoy
  10. The Normans Founded by Rollo the Viking and household of the later William the Conqueror. William the Conqueror’s wife was Matilda of Flanders (House Flanders), daughter of Count Baldwin V of Flanders and Adela of France. Adela of France was the daughter of Constance of Arles and Robert II of France. Robert II of France was the son of Hugh Capet and Adelaide of Aquitaine, and Adelaine’s mother, also named Adelaide (of Normandy) was the daughter of famous Viking, Rollo of Normandy who received lands from Charles the Simple (Carolingian) in exchange for him stopping his attacks. William and Matilda were actually related (3rd cousins) since Rollo the Viking was both their descendant. Rollo was William the Conqueror’s and Matilda’s great-great grandfather (Rollo > William Longsword > Richard I > Richard II > William the Conqueror) (Rollo > Adelaide of Normandy > Adelaide of Aquitaine + Hugh Capet, his uncle was Otto the Great of Germany >  Robert II of France > Adela of Flanders > Matilda of Flanders). The House of Flanders in this line, actually ties to the Welf-Este clan in that Judith of Flanders of the House of Luxembourg via Frederick, a son of Siegfried of Luxembourg, had married Welf I of Bavaria (Welf IV in the Elder House chronology), meaning this is another spot where the British Royal Family appears. Judith’s mother, was Rozala of Italy of the House of Ivera, a child of Benegar II, who was a grandson of Holy Roman Emperor Benegar I of the Unruoching and Carolingian Dynasty. Benegar II played an important role in reorganizing the Northern Italian marches (territories or frontiers) and the Bonifaci sect known as the Orbertenghi (Counts of Luca) were given the Margave of Milan and this Orbentengi Clan evolved in the Este who thus married into the Welf (forerunners of the House of Hanover). The House of Flanders had Carolingian blood traced back to Judith of Flanders’ (daughter of Charles the Bald) marriage to Baldwin I (The Iron Arm) but also English via the House of Wessex. The House of Flanders almost were the Kings of France since Baldwin II was a grandson to Charles the Bald and dispute with the Robertine Dynasty which evolved in the House of Capet.

So in essence if we summarize, a large chunk of the British Royal Family can be traced to the Frankish Era and Frankish Civil Wars which resulted in the death of the last direct Carolingian Emperor to Germany via Altdorf by way of the Frankish homeland (Belgium, Northern France, Luxembourg) via the maternal bloodline (Kunigunde of Welf, her great grand dad, Siegfried, founded House Luxembourg, and her great x6 grandfather was Charlemagne ), and Italy through the paternal line (Alberto Azzo II of Este) who were elevated by Holy Roman Emperor Benegar II to “Governors” of Northern Italy, i.e., the Bonifaci and Obertenghi Clan of Lunigiana and Lombardy, who were the Margraves of Milan and Tuscany, Counts of Lucca, Este, Emilia Romagna, etc. With the later ascent of Welf I of the Young House of Welf (Welf IV in the Elder’s chronology), this Franco-Germanic Italian line would largely become German over time by way of Bavarian and Saxon acquisitions (such as that of Henry the Lion as Duke of Bavaria and Saxony) but ended up only keeping a Saxon concession near Brunswick during the reign of Otto of Child. Otto’s grandmother – wife of Henry the Lion – was Matilda of England, daughter of Henry II, a Plantagenet King from Anjou and son of the King of Jerusalem, who was a descendent of Elias I, Count of Maine, who was cousin to Welf and his younger half-brothers Fulco I and Hugh V, since Fulco I’s and Hugh V’s mother was Gersenda on Maine (Alberto Azzo’s second wife), who was sister of Paula of Maine – the mother of Elias. Thus, these ties link the Welf Este to England, i.e., Henry the Lion and Matilda of England were likely distant blood-cousins, or cousins by marriage. However, Welf I’s younger brother, Fulco’s, line remained in Italy under the Este title and this played a role in Imperial politics as the Italian Este kin to the Germanic Welfs fought as the Guelphs (Italian for Welf) against the Ghibellines (those loyal to the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Hohenstaufen), and this conflict is an early example of Italian/Papal independence from Imperial rule. The older brother Welf line in Germany never gave up their Italian rights until Henry the Lion. Separately, elsewhere, intrigues in France with the Normans (Vikings) and the Anglo-Saxons in England would set the basis for the other half of the modern British family (such as Plantagenet line spoken above which involved the War of the Roses between their cadet branches of York and Lancaster resulting in the rise of Tudor and Elizabethan England), and this half would be later infused with the Frankish-Germanic Italian line during the Hanoverian Period (Este Welf) and another German family, The Wettins of the Ernestine Branch, via Saxe-Coburg Gotha (Victorian Dynasty and the modern Windsors with the latter being a Anglicized name chosen to distant German ties during the World Wars).

3. NEOPLATONIC CONNECTIONS TO THE BRITISH ROYAL FAMILY’S WELF ANCESTRY VIA THE HOUSE OF ESTE AND MIRANDOLA IN RENAISSANCE ITALY.

Now to get to the premise of the paper (sorry I had nerd out), I was reading about Neoplatonism, things of the Occult, etc., for a separate paper I will post soon and found an interesting side note that Giovanni Mirandola’s (a father of Western Esoteric thought) family (the Pico) were related to other notable powerful Italian, Frankish, German, families such as the Este via Giovanni’s brother, Galeotto I’s marriage into the Este Family.

This is interesting because the Este are a the junior branch of the Young House of Welf, and the Welf Dynasty, following the descendants of Welf I (or, IV in the Elder House of Welf genealogy which died out), would go to inherit Duchy of Brunswick Luneburg, which would later evolve into the House of Hanover, i.e., the Kings of the England during the Georgian period. Technically, the Younger House of Welf is sub to the House of Este, but older brother Welf I inherited the Elder House of Welf after his uncle died, but his young brother Fulk or Fulco received their father’s Italian House of Este.

Welf I was the son of Albert Azzo II, Margrave of Milan. Alberto Azzo II’s great-grandfather was Adalberto the Margrave, i.e., Aldabert III, of the Obertenghi Family, whose family was granted large swaths of land during the time of Benegar II of the Italy, a descendant of Charlemagne, through his mother Gisela, the daughter of Louis the Pious.  The Orbertenghi Family fell under the House of Boniface founded by Boniface the I who was appointed governor of Italy by Charlemagne himself after Charlemange’s son, Pepin of Italy died, and his grandson, Bernard of Italy, rebelled again Charlmange’s son, then-emperor Louis the Poius. Boniface also was the Count of Lucca. The Este Branch of the Orbetenghi Line branches from Odbert II, a grandson of Adalberto the Margrave, i.e., Aldabert III, whose great-grandad was Boniface the II.

An interesting note is that famous Crusader, Godrey of Bullion, was a distant relative to the this Welf and Este Clan. Godfrey’s granddad on his mother’s side was Godfrey the Bearded who was the descendant of Gozlin (branch: House of Ardenne-Verdun), a son of Wigeric. Wigeric’s other kids include Siegfried of Luxembourg (branch: Ardenne-Luxembourg) and Welf I who will be key to the post, was descended from from this line from his mom Kunigunde. . It seems this clan arose in the wake of the Lombard wars with the Franks and the Franks elected nobles who were probably loyal to the Carolingian and then Franks married into blood lines though arranged marriages. We know the maternal line of the Welf can be traced to Altdorf in Germany and then back to what is now Belgium/France, but the paternal side could’ve been Frankish settlers appointed rule, but were likely Lombards intermarried with Franks before becoming Frankish overall, yet, when you mix the maternal and paternal, it becomes Frankish.

Albert Azzo II, Margrave of Milan married Kunigunde of Altdorf, so think of it as Kunigunde Welf marrying Alberto Azzo Este. Kunigunde’s mother was Imiza of Luxembourg, the daughter, Frederick of Luxembourg, the son of House of Luxembourg scion and member of the house of Andennes-Luxembourg, Siegfried (born. 922), whom lastly was the son of Frankish duke, Wigeric of Lotharingia (areas in modern day Belgium, Luxembourg, parts of Northern France, Southern Netherlands, and the Lorraine borders of Germany and France). Her father was Welf II of the Elder House, whose ancestors came from France near Auxerre but owned property in what’s now Switzerland near Lake Constance.

The British Royal Family has direct Carolingian ties via Wigeric whose second wife was Cunigunda, granddaughter of Charlemagne’s direct descendant, Louis the Stammerer, i.e., Louis II of the West Francia, son of Charles the Bald, son of Louis the Pious, son Charlemange, son of Pepin the Short, son of Charles Martel, son of Pepin of Herstal, son of Ansegisel, son of Arnulf of Metz. The Arnuflings whom would evolve into the Carolignians were in the service of the Merovingian.

Relating back to the Giovanni connection to all of this, as stated the Mirandola House married into the Este (Italian Welf) House. Welf IV (I of the Younger House) inherited his mother’s uncle’s (also named Welf) rights to Bavaria, i.e., elevating him to Welf the I of the Younger House. He had a younger brother, Fulco, who retained power in the family’s Italian seat via their father in the areas he owned in Veneto, around Mantua, Padua, Treviso and Verona. When Fulco and Welf’s dad died, Fulco kept Este and his brother kept Bavaria.

Way later, Galeotto I, Signore of Mirandola, brother to Giovannai Mirandola, married the daughter of a descendant of Niccole III d’Este. Later down the line, Alfonso d’Este (21 July 1476 – 31 October 1534), Duke of Ferrara, married into the Papal Family via his marriage to Lucrezia Borgia, the daughter of Pope Alexander VI. Pope Alexander VI was one of the most notorious Popes known for his infamous, Joust of the Whores. “When we think of the popes who have presided over Catholicism in recent decades, it’s difficult to imagine them inviting 50 dancers to slowly strip while they ate dinner. It’s even harder to picture one of them throwing chestnuts on the floor for these dancers to snatch up, before handing out prizes for the guy who could have sex with the most women in one sitting. But Alexander VI was a Borgia before he was a pope, so his turn in the cassock was always going to be debauched.” (Cubis, 2017).

Welf I’s son Welf II had married the powerful Matilda of Tuscany and the Mirandola (Pico) family nearby had been vassals of Matilda, insinuating this possibly where the Mirandola line became associated more so with the Welf Este line. Welf I’s descendent, the famous Henry the Lion, settled the disputes between the Bavarian Welfs and the Italian Estes, giving up claims to his familial Italian possessions, yet, these Italian and Germany blood ties would be crucial during the Guelph (Italian for Welf) versus Ghibellines (those loyal to the Holy Roman Emperor) during Italy’s struggle to retain autonomy away from the Germanic, House Hohenstaufen (interrelated with the Welf’s, e.g. Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and Henry the Lion were cousins). The Guelph factions, siding with the Papacy, in Italy fought those loyal to the Emperor, and the conflict started during the Investiture Controversy as the Pope and Emperor battled over who had more power. Essentially, the Guleph factions commanded in part by Este Nobles, used the tensions between their cousin German Welf family, to help fight the Hohenstaufen imperial overlords (Frederick Barbarossa, i.e., the Frederick the I, and Frederick the II).   

Henry the Lion, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony (of the Welf Clan related his Este cousins in Italy) married Matilda of England the daughter of Richard II, thus interlinking the Welf-Este Clan to England when they finally ascended the throne of England as the Hanoverian kings. Yet, during the times of Hohenstaufen rule of the Holy Roman Empire, the Welfs and Hohenstaufens fought viciously over ruler-ship, and Henry the Lion had been stripped of his Saxon lands and Bavarian lands, but later after reconciliation obtain some lands back such as those around Brunswick. Henry the Lion’s son, Otto IV, would become the Holy Roman Emperor but was excommunicated by Pope Innocent III. Otto IV died without issue, so his brother, living in England due their mom’s English royal ties, named William of Winchester, took over, but his son, Otto the Child officially came to the rule Brunswick Luneburg.

To rewind a bit, an interesting fact is that Henry the Lion went on crusade in 1172 and met with the Knight Templars and Knights Hospitallers. Another interesting fact is that as already stated the British nobility has Hanoverian blood (Welf-Este) but the during the Victoria area a nearby German family in Saxony based in Gotha married into the British family, meaning the British family is highly German, but with a vast diversity spanning Italy (arguably back to the fall of the Rome during the Gothic invasions), Viking French (Norman Conquests), Scandinavian, etc. Think about this if you were to pull out the themes: royal blood lines, the Franks, Knight Templars, Occult practicing relatives, etc.

[Note: https://erenow.net/postclassical/crusades/746.php]

The House of Este still exists, directly speaking, today in Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este and the house of Welf exists today in Prince Ernst August of Hanover, meaning these people are distant relatives to the current British royal family. The British nobility during the times of Queen Elizabeth had John Dee as an adviser to Elizabeth and he was into Hermeticism, Rosicrucian ideas, etc. So, the heritage of the occult and esoteric thought goes back much further and John Dee coined the terms British Empire.

5. MIRANDOLA CONNECTIONS TO THE ESTE-WELF (BRUNSWICK LUNEBURG, I.E., HOUSE HANOVER)

GALEOTTO I, Signore della Mirandola e Conte di Concordia 8.11.1467, *Mirandola 1442, +by malaria Mirandola 7.4.1499, bur San Francesco, Mirandola; m.Ferrara 1468 Bianca Maria, natural and legitimate daughter of Niccole III d’Este, Lord of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio by Caterina de Taddeo (*18.12.1440, +Mirandola 12.1.1506) [Source: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/italy/pico1.html]

Margherita, +1461; m.1442 Taddeo d’Este, Lord of Este, Venetian General Governor of Friuli (+near Brescia 21.6.1448 [Source: http://genealogy.euweb.cz/italy/pico1.html]

References

Kelley, J. L. (2015, February 8). James L. Kelley, “Frankish Civilization and the Origins of Anti-Worker Sentiment in the West”. Retrieved February 4, 2020, from https://romeosyne.wordpress.com/2013/08/07/james-l-kelley-frankish-civilization-and-the-origins-of-anti-worker-sentiment-in-the-west/

If Peace and Negotiations fail with Iran I suspect the worst. Theory on a possible terror attack or false-flag by Q. Mitchell

Boeing has been creepy the last few years. The missing Malaysia flight. The shot down plan during the Ukraine Russia conflict. Now, recently a Boeing plane connecting Ukraine vs Russia to Iran vs USA, yet, Iran is an ally of Russia but Russia wants to be cozy with Trump and MAGA (MAGA indicating a partnership with Israel, Russia, and the USA). Chess. Russia could turn on Iran or side with Iran as is. Yet, it seems Putin values the potential of an American Alliance over Iranian one but Iran is more realistic for them considering Russia’s close economic and natural resources pact with China and Sino-Russian interests in Iran via Eurasia and the One Belt One Road Project i.e., the New Silk Road. The One Belt One Road Project has also garnered the interests of Israel who opposes Iran as is. So, it doesn’t look great for Iran with its big brother in Russia juggling Western and Eastern ambitions, Russia’s deep ties to Israel etc.
The CIA has a history of backing ultra-Right wing terrorism typically to combat Communism but recently to fight terrorism. Yet, these groups often have mafia, drug dealing, and gun smuggling ties. During the 1970s, the CIA had links to the Masonic Lodge called P2 or Propaganda Due which was a government within a government linked to the Right Wing, Mafia, terrorism, and even implicated to killing a Vatican Banker. So, to know that Turkey as a NATO member has a history with Operation Gladio indicates it’s a possibility that Turkish Grey Wolves as Stay Behind Unit descendents could be used to conduct terrorism. Being Muslim they could pin it on a refugee from Syria claiming Hezbollah allegiance and this would implicate Iran since Hezbollah is an Iranian proxy.

I think a terror attack blamed on Hezbollah will be the official thing to get us to war if Trump’s initial strategy of hardball negotiation and Democratic anti Khamenei (CIA) protests in Iran doesn’t work. I think Trump wants peace. I know there’s a cabal of warhawks around him. But it’s odd because, Russia likes Trump and Trump likes Russia despite Russia being anti NATO, anti Ukraine, and having a partnership with Iran, Syria, Iraq, and Hezbollah, not to forget Turkey. Hm. The Boeing plane going down in Ukraine seems odd since Iran took credit but it occurred in a hotspot between US vs Russian proxies in Ukraine…

Further, the Boeing angle is more strange considering Boeing CEO was recommended by Trump to be Defense Secretary after Mattis resigned, Trump likes Boeing’s F-18 Navy Super Hornet over the Lockheed F35, but a another Boeing plane was shot down during Ukraine vs Russia and also the mysterious disappearance of the Malaysia Boeing plane. We’re we being “Beta Tested”? Back to a possible major terror attack blamed on Hezbollah, considering Russia’s plea to be with Trump’s USA, yet, Putin having ties to nations the USA considers terrorists….

I can see a group like Turkish Grey Wolves doing or smuggling the arms or explosives within Europe but pinning on a Muslim refugee from Syria or associated with ISIS. Turkey is a NATO member but also a Russia ally. A fence sitter able to be in the middle. The Grey Wolves descend from Operation Gladio Stay Behind Units and have Turkish Deep State and Turkish Mob connections (heroin dealing, assassinations, gun smuggling). They also have CIA ties.

This will trigger paranoid anti Islam Europe to join the Crusade with the USA against Iran. This is why MAGA, Russia etc, as far as “psychological operations” have done Right Wing campaigns online to push people Anti Islam, pro White Supremacy, Pro Zionism, etc. Everything from 300 by Zac Snyder (Indentitarian Movement), Zionist (Jewish) ran Rebel Media with supremacists such as Gavin McInnes or Lauren Southern and…Alex Jones (a MAGA supporter, anti Obama). When Norte Dame burned people assumed it was Muslims but it could’ve been a Jewish or Christian Anarchist.

The predictive genius of Orson Scott Card. Rotterdam and the Belt & Road Initiative: How Card ominously predicted Rotterdam’s importance in the real-world Chinese (and Russian) infrastructure project. By Quinton Mitchell

This paper will discuss similarities between the real-world Belt and Road Initiative to the forward-thinking speculation of Orson Scott Card. Despite, Card’s personal failings regarding personal comments, there was a lot of humanity and wisdom to be learned within in Ender’s Universe series. Card in the late-nineties and early two-thousands accurately predicted Russian and Chinese joint-efforts, which are now being realized in the Belt and Road Initiative, also known as the New Silk Road Initiative or Project. The city of Rotterdam plays an important role in the plot of Card’s Ender’s Shadow (1999), but the major Port of Rotterdam in real-life plays a central role in the Chinese, Russian, and Eurasian economic ambitions via the Belt and Road Project. Towards the end of this paper, I will also touch upon how Aleksandr Dugin’s Eurasian ideology poses a threat to the United States, Europe, and its allies, and possibly even the everyday Russian citizen. I will also touch upon the psychological operations inspired by the Kremlin which has invaded (noticeably) the West and USA via the Right-Wing movement largely under the top-cover of white-identity politics.

This paper isn’t to indict or discriminate against the Russian people or people of Russian descent, nor is it to marginalize the Orthodox Church. In my view, the Russian people and Orthodox Church have more to lose by being used the far-right, than they do to gain. Russia has a rich culture, history, and liberal tradition in certain cases, and I would assume the average Russian citizen has a lot in common with Americans or Europeans and there’s a desire for true democracy. However, appeasing and tolerating regressive far-right ideologies will not be tolerated and will be called out, especially as try to find credence within American discourse. Another paper will be written exploring Israel’s relationship with China, Russia, and the Belt and Road Project with emphasis on the Jewish Autonomous Oblast of Russia, i.e., Birobidzhan, since Israel has been central – although its understated in the American mainstream media – to the trilateral political intrigues regarding the current Trump administration (Israel via Chabad Lubavitch and other agent groups, Russia, and the USA). Israel has a separate Sino-Russian foreign policy as a possible contingency in case US relations wane in the face of its aggressive Zionist agenda.  

According to the Michiel Jak (2018) in a press release for the Port of Rotterdam, ” What does it mean for a deep sea port like Rotterdam – or Shanghai for that matter – to end up at the end of the chain? Right now, Rotterdam serves as the gateway to Europe: the point from where incoming cargo is distributed across the European hinterland. But with the arrival of the ‘Silk Road Railway’, the port will undergo a radical transformation: from gateway to, for a considerable part, final destination.”

Further Jak (2018) states, ” The Chinese government is investing some USD 100 billion per year in the construction of the New Silk Road. Right now, contractors are working on the track itself, but actually the Chinese government has been influencing existing transport routes for the last decade or so via a careful, methodical, step-by-step programme. They have done this by investing heavily in areas between China and Europe. They’re acquiring shares and sites, constructing new infrastructure: motorways, terminals, railways, everything. For example, China has bought Piraeus, a port in Greece – and gained a new gateway to Europe in the process. This development is at the expense of the ports of Rotterdam, Antwerp and Hamburg. “

The book Shadow of the Hegemon first starts off with the depiction of the City of Rotterdam overran by abandoned street children who are struggling to survive. The children are forced to live in gangs to survive such as gathering food but also avoid sexual predators. The Netherlands in this story is just one of the nations of an international political body, i.e., a United Nations type of world government that created in response to attacks from an alien enemy (yet, this science fiction trapping shouldn’t distract from this paper).

“There was plenty of danger to watch for. The cops for instance. They didn’t show up often but when they did they seemed especially bent on clearing the streets of children. They would flail about them with their magnetic whips, landing cruel stinging blows on even the smallest of children, haranguing them as vermin, thieves, pestilence, a plague on the fair city of Rotterdam.” (Shadow of the Hegemon, Card, p. 8)

“A couple of twelve-year-old hookers who didn’t usually work this strip rounded a corner, heading toward Poke’s base. She gave a low whistle. The kids immediately drifted apart, staying on the street but trying not to look like a crew. It didn’t help. The hookers knew already that Poke was a crew boss, and sure enough, they caught her by the arms and slammer her against a wall and demanded their “permission” fee. Poke knew better than to claim she had nothing to share – she always tried to keep a reserve in order to placate hungry bullies. These hookers, Poke could see why their hungry. They didn’t look like what the pedophiles wanted, when they came cruising through. They were too gaunt, too old-looking. So until they grew bodies and started attracting the slightly-less-perverted trade, they had to resort to scavenging” (Shadow of the Hegemon, Card. p. 10)

The character Poke is the female lead of a street crew of desperate kids. She has to fight off bullies, predators, etc. She eventually discovers a street kid named Bean, who shows high intelligence, but Bean has to earn his way into the crew. Bean would go on to be the central character to this book and sequels such as Shadow of the Hegemon. Shadow insinuates in the shadows of Ender Wiggins, the hero of the franchise. Bean has a genetically engineered intelligence (that comes at a price as revealed in the series) who can match Ender Wiggins.

“Normally she wouldn’t have paid him more than passing attention. But this one had eyes. He was still looking around with intelligence. None of that stupor of the walking dead, no longer searching for food or even caring to find a comfortable place to lie while breathing their last taste of the stinking air of Rotterdam. After all, death would not be such a change for them. Everyone knew that Rotterdam was, if not the capital, then the main seaport of Hell. The only difference between Rotterdam and death was that with Rotterdam, the damnation wasn’t eternal.” (Shadow of the Hegemon, Card, p. 9)

A map from Zbigniew Brzezinski’s The Grand Chessboard

Bruce Barnard (2015), a special corespondent, stated, “The port of Rotterdam has established a strategic partnership with the Bank of China focused mainly on Beijing’s “Belt and Road” strategy to boost trade links with Europe.”. Further, Barnard (2015) states, “The initiative, formerly known as “One Belt, One Road,” already has roughly $50 billion in backing. The initiative add up to $2.5 trillion in trade to China over the next decade, according to a Kuehne + Nagle analysis.” 

Nadège Rolland, a Senior Fellow for Political and Security Affairs at the National Bureau of Asian Research, published an article for the International Institute of Strategic Studies, titled, A China–Russia Condominium over Eurasia: China and Russia share similar views of what a future Eurasian order should look like.

Rolland (2019) states, ” For the moment, however, the evidence points to an increasingly deep condominium between the two powers. French writer Antoine de Saint-Exupéry said that ‘love does not consist in looking at one another, but in looking together in the same direction’. China and Russia are certainly looking together in the same direction with equal yearning towards Eurasia. Both powers perceive the Western presence on opposite sides of the Eurasian landmass – US alliances and presence in East Asia for China; NATO and the European Union’s normative power for Russia – as threatening to contain and ultimately undermine them. Both continental powers consider Eurasia their strategic backyard, and both have launched ambitious initiatives to strengthen their influence over the region: the Eurasian Economic Union and the Greater Eurasian Partnership for Russia, the Silk Road Economic Belt – the land component of the Belt and Road Initiative – for China. But their common focus does not mean they are necessarily competing against each other in this vast continental space. Rather, China and Russia share similar concerns about Eurasia’s political stability and security, and similar overall objectives regarding what a future regional order should look like. ”

Further, Rolland (2019) states, “With the EAEU integration process already under way, a group of Russian experts led by Sergei Karaganov gathered under the aegis of the Valdai Club (most probably on commission from the Russian government)5 to brainstorm about further options for Eurasia’s integration. In April 2015, the group published a report entitled ‘Towards the Great Ocean’ that advocated the transformation of Eurasia into a Sino-Russian zone of joint development. During a visit that month to the China Institute of International Studies (CIIS),6 Karaganov announced that his ‘Greater Eurasia’ plan had been submitted to Russian President Vladimir Putin.7 He apparently liked the idea: at the St Petersburg International Economic Forum held in June 2016, Putin proposed building a ‘Greater Eurasian Partnership’ (GEP) that would include the EAEU and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries, in addition to China, India, Pakistan and Iran. “

SOURCE: Mercator Institute of Chinese Studies located at https://www.merics.org/en/bri-tracker/mapping-the-belt-and-road-initiative

The information provided by Rolland (2019) speaks echoes by relating to the thesis of Zbigniew Brzezinski in his book, The Grand Chess Board: American Primacy and its Geopolitical Imperatives, but the Sino-Russian relationship is referenced by Card in his books Shadow of the Hegemon and Ender’s Shadow.

Brzezinski (1997) argues that American foreign policy must remain concerned with the geopolitical dimension and must employ its influence in Eurasia in a manner that creates a stable continental equilibrium, with the United States as the political arbiter (p. xiv), and, the ultimate objective of American policy should be benign and visionary: to shape a truly cooperative global community, in keeping with long-range trends and with the fundamental interests of humankind (p. xiv).

“Potentially, the most dangerous scenario would be a grand coalition of China, Russia, and perhaps Iran, an “antihegemonic” coalition united not by ideology but by complementary grievances. It would be reminiscent in scale and scope of the challenge once posed by the Sino-Soviet bloc, though this time China would likely be the leader and Russia the follower” (Brzezinski, p. 55). This relates to Rolland (2019) who stated that Vladimir Putin liked the idea of Sino-Russian participation in the dealing with treating Eurasia as a common economic zone that would also possibly include Iran.

However, Iran and Islamic nations might pose a threat to Sino-Soviet relations regarding Eurasia which is largely Muslim. Despite, the USA being at hegemonic odds with China and Russia, the one thing that all can agree upon, including Israel (which has trilateral relations with all three powers), is the “Muslim problem”. Since Iran is the last remaining Muslim independent nation outside of the control of the powers, it seems that if Iran is ever attacked that all three parties would agree on force. Yet, if the Americans were to take out Iran, it might tip the scale of power more to the Sino-Russian sphere of influence. The US military’s exercise of force in the Middle East was a projection of US capabilities, yet, it was costly for the American Empire and gave rise to asymmetric warfare, i.e., terrorism, both within the Middle East and through blow-back within the American and European homeland. It might be wise for the Americans to continue peaceful diplomacy with Iran as a hedge against Sino-Russian power which will only be increased by the integration of the Belt and Road project. Yet, Iran understands this and seems to have positioned itself into a position akin to Turkey, who can play both East and West off each other. Regardless, Iran is within the economic and political ambitions of Russia and China, so it is best that the Americans hedge this, such as potentially reactivating a reformed version of the Iran Nuclear Deal, meeting with Iranian diplomats for democratic reforms (if US conservatives try to block this, then simply remind them of Trump’s direct face-to-face talks with North Korea and Russia), etc.

George M. Young (2012) in his book, The Russian Cosmists: the Esoteric Futurism of Nikolai Fedorov and his followers, studies the esoteric elements, especially those relating to Aleksandr Dugin, regarding Russia’s view on Iran, which as stated in this paper, according to Rolland (2019) is being considered within the Greater Eurasian Partnership’ (GEP) that would include the EAEU and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries, in addition to China, India, Pakistan and Iran.

“George Vendasky, for example, sees Russian pre-Christian pagan religion as a development from both Zoroastrianism and Mithraism. And Aleksandr Dugin and other current Russian neo-Eurasianists and neo-nationalists point to ancient Russia’s religious and cultural kinship with ancient Iran to support their calls for a new Russo-Iranian Eurasian continental alliance to counter NATO power and culture”. (Young, p. 83)

Young (2012) mentions Lev Gumilev (1912-1992), a Neo-Eurasianist, “In recent times, Gumilev’s theories have proved especially useful to Russian neonationalists, neo-Eurasianists and other with an anti-Western, anti-Atlanticist political bias, the most prominent of whom is the ideologist, Alexander Dugin – and, some might add, Vladimir Putin.” (Young, p. 228)

“Fedorov viewed Russian culture as a continuation of ancient Aryan Iran, a combination of Eastern and Western principles, struggling against a hostile natural environment, wary of Greco-Roman power to the west and Turan to the East. Similarly, Gumilev views Russia as an absorber and continuation of the great steppe powers of ancient Eurasia, different from and strong than both Western Europe and eastern Asia. For Gumilev, the Mongol invasion by Genghis Khan was not a curse but a blessing for Russia, saving the entire Eurasian heartland from the aggressive clutches of the Catholic West, then presented by Poland and the Baltic Teutonic Knights. Under the khans, Russian Orthodox spirituality was tolerated and allowed to mature, whereas medieval Orthodox spirituality would’ve been crushed under the heels of Teutonic Knights, and the Eurasian heartland would eventually have become simply an extended version of the European spiritual and political battleground of Catholics versus Protestants.” (p. 227-228, para. 3)

The last quote by Young (2012) relating to Gumilev is telling in that Russian nationalists see Chinese partnership as more vital to Russian ethnic identity/political power than Russian appeasement or inclusion with the West. Russia sees itself as culturally incompatible with the West which is traditionally based on the Western Catholic Rite and Protestantism, and felt that vassalage to the Asian Mongols, i.e., Chinese, was better for Russian solidarity. This concept relates to Aleksandr Dugin’s Eurasianism ideology that wants Eurasian solidarity against the West as an anti-NATO land power able exercise economic sanction power (such as shutting off natural gas lines,e.g. Nordstream and power-grids, or possibly imposing tariffs on products), and Dugin uses esoteric ideology such as that of a common Aryan and Indo-European heritage of Central Asia to “spurce” up this idea.

SOURCE: Kali Tribune

Yet, Brzezinski (1997) describes the inherent instability of Russia in trying to control Muslim lands. “Finally, within the Soviet Union itself, the 50 percent of the population that was non-Russian eventually rejected Moscow’s domination. The gradual political awakening of the non-Russians meant that Ukrainians, Georgians, Armenians, and Azeris began to view Soviet power as a form of alien imperial domination by people they did not feel culturally inferior” (Brzezinski, p. 9).

This statement by Brzezinski (1997), echoes in Card’s fiction with the statement, “Indeed, the only force that stood firm against China and Russia while facing them across heavily defended borders were the Muslim nations. Iran generously forgot how threateningly Pakistani troops had loom along their borders in the month before India’s fall, and Arabs joined with Turks in Muslim solidarity against any Russian encroachment across the Caucus into the vast steppes of central Asia. No one seriously thought that Muslim military might could stand for long against a serious attack from China, and Russia was only scarcely less dangerous, but the Muslims laid aside their grievances, trusted in Allah, and kept their bodies bristling with the warning that this nestle would be hard to grasp.” (Shadow of the Hegemon, Card, p. 428-429, para. 4)

Now, I will go back to the works of Orson Scott Card regarding his reference to Rotterdam, which as we can see in real-life is being integrated into the Belt-and Road Project, and this project increases the Sino-Russian sphere of influence within the Western (European, American, and its auxiliaries) sphere of influence.

“What Bean saw as the driving force of history, however, was the resurgent Russian Empire. Where the Chinese simply took for granted that they were and should be the center of the universe, the Russians, led by a series of ambitious demagogues and authoritarian generals, felt that history had cheated them out of their rightful place, century after century, and it was time for that to end” (Ender’s Shadow, Card, p. 400, para. 2)

“It was Russia that forced the creation of the of the New Warsaw Pact, bringing its effective borders back to the peak of Soviet power – and beyond, for this Greece was its ally, and an intimidated Turkey was neutralized. Europe was on the verge of being neutralized, the Russian dram of hegemony from Pacific to the Atlantic at last within reach” (Ender’s Shadow, Card, p. 400, para. 2)

“For along with their national vigor, the Russians had also nurtured their astonishing talent for misgovernment, that sense of personal entitlement that made corruption a way of life. The institutional tradition of competence that would be essential for a successful world government was nonexistent. It was in China that those institutions and value were most vigorous. But even China would be a poor substitute for a genuine world government that transcended any national interest. The wrong world government would eventually collapse under its own weight” (Ender’s Shadow, Card, p. 401, para. 6)

“As if this vat redrawing of the world’s map were not enough, Russia announced that it had joined China as its ally, and that it considered the nations of eastern Europe that were not loyal members of the New Warsaw Pact to be provinces in rebellion. Without firing a shot, Russia was able, simply by promising not to be as dreadful an overlord as China, to rewrite the Warsaw Pact until it was more or less the constitution of an empire that included all of Europe east of Germany, Austria, and Italy in the south, and east of Sweden and Norway in the north” (Shadow of the Hegemon, Card, p. 428, para. 2)

“The weary nations of western Europe were quick to “welcome” and “discipline” that Russia would bring to Europe, and Russia was immediately given full membership in the European Community. Because Russia now controlled the votes of more than half the members of that community, it would require constant tug of war to keep some semblance of independence, and rather than play that game, Great Britain, Ireland, Iceland, and Portugal left the European Community. But even they took great pains to assure the Russian bear that this was purely over economic issues and they really welcomed this renewed Russian interest in the West” (Shadow of the Hegemon, Card, p. 428)

Before I end this, I want to stress that the Alt-Right is actually an internal threat to both Western conservatism and liberalism (in the modern sense). Many of its followers are being used in ways beyond their comprehension. It is the Trojan Horse for Russian and thus Sino-Russian influence to destabilize the West and United States.

It is important to note that Dugin was a member of Neo-Bolshevik Party, a syncretic party that synthesized elements of both the far-right and far-left, e.g., National Socialism such as that of the Nazis, which was later dissolved and became absorbed with the Other Russia Party, which is a left-wing but nationalist party. The slogan of Other Russia is “Russia is everything, the rest is nothing!” and “Nation! Homeland! Socialism!”. Yet, Dugin would later go to the Eurasia Party, which is far right, though it shares many nationalist, anti-Western, and authoritarian characteristics to that of the Neo-Bolshevik Party. According Dugin’s Wikipedia page, Dugin’s book The Basics of Geopolitics (1997): “The new Eurasian empire will be constructed on the fundamental principle of the common enemy: the rejection of Atlanticism, strategic control of the USA, and the refusal to allow liberal values to dominate us. This common civilizational impulse will be the basis of a political and strategic union”.

Yet, what are liberal values? In modern discourse we ascribe liberalism to progressive, the political left, the Democratic Party, etc. Yet, liberalism is the overarching political school of though in which both Western conservatives and liberals are descended. Liberalism is the Enlightenment-based political ideology, that varies from liberal nation to liberal nation which espouses the rights of individual man; inalienable rights; the pursuit of happiness; freedoms of speech; freedoms of religion; taxation only with representation; an armed citizenry;  property rights, legal systems strongly based on common law systems, though civil law systems such as those in Europe are included, and pluralism. Pluralism is vital because it is essentially the ability to agree to disagree, which a core tenant which facilitates and supports free speech. Modern conservatives, liberals, libertarians, and Marxists all have roots in liberalism.

Dugin’s anti-liberalism by way of Bolshevism to me relates to the phenomena of monarchism within the Alt-Right. Pro-Russian mouthpieces such as Orthodox convert, Jay Dyer of Jay’s Analysis, who interviewed Dugin and has made many comments stating his agreement with Alt-Right figures, is a Traditionalist and Monarchist. The Alt-Right movement of the West and United States has been highly influenced by online psychological operations such as Alex Jones’ InfoWars (platformed by Joe Rogan and Jones ironically has links to the DisInformation Company of Richard Metzger who produced his film End Game); Richard Spencer had a Russian wife known as Nina Kouprianova; Lauren Southern interviewed Dugin in Russia and she worked for Rebel Media owned by Jewish businessman, Ezra Levant. Levant was held as responsible for organizing the Charlottesville Unite the Right Rally; and Red Ice TV which was co-founded by Laura Lokteff who is of Russian descent and identities as pagan, which relates to the Hyperborean movement of the Russian Cosmists subgenre as detailed in Young’s (2012) book.

Aleksandr Dugin with a radical sect of Orthodox followers. White Supremacist, Richard Spencer with his now ex-wife, of Russian decent, Nina Kouprianova. white Nationalist and pagan, Lana Lokteff of RedIce TV. She claims Russian ancestry. There is intersectionality between concepts such as the Alt-Right, MAGA, Russia, Orthodoxy, anti-West or anti-liberal conspiracy theorists, traditionalist and monarchist movements, Bolshevism, and libertarian, etc. The “Trojan Horse” tactic into the West is multi-faceted and in the USA has infiltrated the Christian Right with its proclivity for libertarian politics or third or forth positions found in the Alt-Right. Yet, Russian infiltration has also been “above ground” such as real estate schemes such as those with Donald Trump, the Russian Mob and Russian Jewish Mob, lobbying, Youtube podcasters such as Jay Dyer, Alex Jones, RedIce TV, and even a softening from the dovish left. The American government’s mishandling of of the Russia-Gate situation, also softened the reality of Russian infiltration into American life, thus endangering citizens to the reality of a new type of coded white supremacy

For example, Putin and Dugin are Communists despite them branding their ideology with concepts spanning the spectrum as the far-right, nationalism, Orthodox traditionalism, Indo-Aryan paganism, and even monarchist sentiments. This right-wing glossing of their “crypto-communism” appeals to white supremacy which sees itself under threat. I support this statement with Young’s (2012) statement on Pavel Florensky (1882-1937), “To some degree, Florensky believe that the Communist future could possibly (but not necessarily) lead to a revival of medieval objectivism, collectivism, and constructive vision, and a turning from illusory individualism and self-destructive atomization that had characterized prerevolutionary modernity” (p.124). Hence, Monarchism, which is seen as an alternative political model within the Far-Right can be a cover for communism. In theory, communism, fascism, and monarchism share similar characteristics such as the promotion of an autocrat, the collective over the individual, central directives or edicts dictating the economy, and state monopoly of force. Monarchism just adds a level of regalia, religion, and ethnicity to the forefront. Liberalism isn’t incompatible with religion, but rather it separates church from state.

White supremacist, Lauren Southern posing it Russian attire and with Aleksandr Dugin. Conspiracy theorist, Jay Dyer helped platform Dugin and he can also be seen in Soviet attire. His conspiracy theory rarely analyzes Russia in any true objective capacity.

Liberalism isn’t dead. Liberalism isn’t wrong. It’s just a complicated system to balance. It’s like a body of interlocking systems, e.g., endocrine system, neurological system, immune system, digestive system, etc., so it can be easily manipulated or “sickened” by foreign agents, but also poor decision making of the self. There’s inherent sickness within American democracy which foreign agents know they can exploit.

These include, White supremacy, racial self-determination of historically marginalized groups, the inability to reach reconciliation between white majorities and minorities (ironically due to the commercialization of race within the American capitalist system where culture is argued as intellectual property and sharing is seen as appropriation) – this is both the fault of the political left and political right, but also national cultures have shifted to the promotion of a cynical, hyper-aware, and ironic culture of low-art material fetishism, where universal “beyond differences” concepts are no longer sacred (marriage, childbearing, civic duty, etc.). Yet, these topics can be fixed and worked on with time. It’s not that liberalism is dead, but rather we’ve become too individualistic, tribal, but also materialistic, and have usurped a sense of “spiritual attachment” and historical preservation of ideas such as a Americana. There is no crime in being white, black, Asian, Hispanic, multiracial, etc., but for liberalism to survive and not be manipulated by foreign agents and their domestic proxies, we need put a sense of humanity back into American and Western culture. This can be an inclusive process that posits unity over tribalism, yet it can be done in a way that venerates marginalized groups without tapping into majority white fears. This will take a process of self-reflection of all peoples but also listening to the experiences of others. We can also deal with issues such as the power of corporations, the constitutionality of the spy-state, and the power of political lobbyist and technocrats.

Brzezinski (1997) pays tribute to American liberalism but also offers a warning if decadence goes too far. “The American emphasis on political democracy and economic development thus combines to convey a simple ideological message that appeals to many: the quest for individual success enhances freedom while generating wealth. The resulting blend of idealism and egoism is a potent combination” (p. 26-27). However, he provided a warning by showing an example of Western European social democracies, by stating, “The crisis of political legitimacy and economic vitality that Western Europe increasingly confronts – but is unable to overcome – is deeply rooted in the pervasive expansion of the state-sponsored social structure that favors paternalism, protectionism, and parochialism. The result is a cultural condition that combines escapist hedonism with spiritual emptiness – a condition that can exploited by nationalist extremists or dogmatic ideologues”. The nationalist extremists are the Alt-Right and Far-Right, and the dogmatic ideologues seem to denote the political realities of Trump, i.e., Caesarism.

A picture from Zbigniew Brzezinski’s The Grand Chessboard

References:

Barnard, B. (2015, October 30). Rotterdam partners with Bank of China to tap ‘Belt and Road’ push. Retrieved December 25, 2019, from https://www.joc.com/port-news/european-ports/port-rotterdam/rotterdam-partners-bank-china-tap-belt-and-road-push_20151030.html.

Brzeziński, Z. (1997). The grand chessboard: American primacy and its geostrategic imperatives. New York: Basic Books.

Card, O. S. (2001). Shadow of the Hegemon. New York: Tor.

Card, O. S. (1999). Enders Shadow. New York: Tor.

Jak, M. (2018, February 27). New Silk Road calls for Rotterdam to take on a directing role. Retrieved December 25, 2019, from https://www.portofrotterdam.com/en/news-and-press-releases/new-silk-road-calls-for-rotterdam-to-take-on-a-directing-role.

Rolland, N. (2019) A China–Russia Condominium over Eurasia: China and Russia share similar views of what a future Eurasian order should look like. International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS), 61(1), 7–22. Retrieved from https://www.iiss.org/publications/survival/2019/survival-global-politics-and-strategy-februarymarch-2019/611-02-rolland  

Young, G. M. (2012). The Russian cosmists: the esoteric futurism of Nikolai Fedorov and his followers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.